一对一专业教师辅导 成绩快速冲A+ 获取专属备考攻略
最新动向
联系我们
在线咨询
热门标签
猜您喜欢

A-level经济考试:基本经济问题

2019-10-28 11:08:09 412人已读 分享到

  关于A-level经济考试的备考,相信难度大家都体会了,但是除了一些专业的概念难背外,要说A-level经济考试哪里更难,那么无疑是Essay了,如何才能将Essay写的更好呢?本文小编就为大家介绍一下这个问题,希望对大家有所帮助,下面就一起来看看吧!

  AS经济第一章 basic economic problems ,主要有五个小节

  Scarcity

  PPC

  Economic system

  Money

  Classification of goods


A-level经济考试:基本经济问题


  需要注意的是,从16年开始,CAIE的经济考试涵盖的知识点越来越细,之前只准备1-2个topic就去参加考试的备考方式已经很难达到a的要求。对于一些小的独立知识点诸如division of labour和money(尤其是near money)大家一定不要忽略。

  1.1 Scarcity and resources

  Frequently asked topics

  Define scarcity, explain three basic economic questions

  Explain factors of production

  Explain functions of enterprise

  这一章涉及的知识点都是经济里最基础的部分,同学们必须熟练掌握。四个生产要素的定义,例子和回报是考题的核心,Enterprise的两个functions和怎么应对需求是考试的重点。需要注意的是division of labour的优缺点也是考点的一部分,大家复习的时候不要忘记。

  Sample essays

  08S Explain the three economic questions that all economies face because of the basic economic problem.

  13W3 Explain the role of the enterprise factor of production in a free market economy, and compare this with the role of the other factors in the production process.

  16S1 Outline the functions of the factor enterprise in a modern economy, and explain how enterprise responds to a rise in the demand for a good.

  10W1 Discuss whether money or the division of labour is likely to have contributed more to economic progress.

  1.2 PPC

  Frequently asked topics

  Define PPC, explain shape of ppc

  Link between PPC and opportunity cost

  Link between PPC and economic growth

  PPC在微观里可以用来解释opportunity cost,大家要会解释PPC的形状(concave)。在宏观中,PPC可以用来解释International Trade和经济增长。

  需要注意的是画PPC的图微观和宏观的横纵坐标是不一样的。在宏观里分别是consumer goods 和 capital goods。

  Sample essays

  16W3 Explain with the help of a diagram why production possibility curves are usually drawn with increasing opportunity costs, and show how they can be used to illustrate scarcity. [8]

  11W3 Explain, with the help of a diagram, how an economy can in the short run and long run enjoy consumption beyond its current production possibility curve.

  1.3 Economic systems

  Frequently asked topics

  Define three systems (Features)

  Explain advantages/disadvantages of three systems

  Explain provision of products in three systems

  Explain resources allocation in three systems

  Discuss transitions from planned economy to market economy

  这一章是考试的难点之一,考题的种类也比较多。大家要了解三种经济体制的优缺点;了解在不同的经济体制中资源是怎么分配的;需要了解政府在计划经济和混合经济中的作用;了解计划经济转向市场经济会遇到什么问题。

  对于不想准备这个章节的考生来说,你们至少要记住以下两点:

  1 市场经济的问题: Merit goods, Demerit goods, Public goods

  2 政府在混合经济需要做的事情:Subsidy, Tax, Direct provision

  Sample essays

  11S2 Explain the role that a government should fulfil in a mixed economy

  17S3 Discuss whether resources are more effectively allocated in a planned economy or in a market economy.

  09S1 Discuss whether a market economy can solve the problem of scarcity more effectively than a command economy.

  12S3 Discuss whether planned economies should always be replaced by free market economies.

  12W2 Discuss the ease with which a planned economy may be changed into a market economy.

  1.4 Money

  Frequently asked topics

  Define Money (cash, deposits and near money)

  Explain functions of money

  Explain characteristics of money

  Assess functions of money under inflation

  Assess consequence of increase in money supply

  Money大家都喜欢,然而没几个人会写money的essay。

  好在Money的考点比较固定,首先大家要会定义money,near money:在现代社会钱的定义不仅仅是cash,更包括bank deposits。接下来,money的functions, characteristics以及他们之间的关系是常规考点。最后,通货膨胀怎么影响money的四个functions? 无论是data还是essay,出过好几次了,大家要重视!

  Sample essays

  14S1 Explain what is meant by the term ‘money’ and outline its characteristics in a modern twenty-first century economy.

  08W Explain the characteristics required by money if it is to carry out its functions effectively.

  14S1 Discuss whether money is able to perform all of its functions in an economy that is experiencing a high rate of inflation.

  1.5 Classification of goods and services

  Frequently asked topics

  Define public/private goods

  Explain why producers only produce private goods

  Define merit/demerit goods

  Discuss solutions to merit/demerit goods (C3 Government intervention)

  商品的分类很少作为单独考题出现,但这是大家一定要掌握的知识点。商品可以按照以下几种不同方式进行分类:

  1. Free goods vs Economic goods

  2. Public goods vs Private goods

  3. Merit goods vs Demerit goods

  4. Normal goods vs Inferior goods

  比较意外的是,去年考了一个quasi-public goods,对于考点越来越细的CAIE经济,请不要遗漏书上的任何一个小知识点。。考前翻一遍教科书,非常有必要!

  Sample essays

  14S1 Explain the difference between private goods and public goods, and why it is possible for a business to make a profit in the supply of private goods but not in the supply of a public good.

  09S2 Economists also classify goods in others ways. Discuss the extent to which an economist would classify a packet of cigarettes and a vaccination against influenza as similar types of good.

  以上就是本文关于A-level经济考试基本经济问题的介绍了,希望能够对大家有所帮助,如果还想了解更多关于alevel能不能代替sat、alevel排名等方面的内容,可以咨询我们的客服哦~

默认底图


在线咨询

公司介绍 隐私条款 免责声明 网站地图 联系我们

关注大英留学公众号,获取英国留学考试第一资讯
添加英联邦留学考试小管家,定制专属学习计划
备案号:苏ICP备17009794号-16 Copyright 2017-2018 AOLEVEL.ORG.CN All Rights Reserved Powered by 南京课窝教育.
4008506500

请填写您的联系方式

如有最新备考攻略或资料,我们会以短信的形式通知给您


发送验证码

确定提交